Thursday, December 26, 2019

How Mark Twains Views on Slavery Evolved

What did Mark Twain write about slavery? How did Twains background influence his position on slavery? Was he a racist? Born in a Slave State Mark Twain was a product of  Missouri, a slave state. His father was a judge, but he also traded in slaves at times. His uncle, John Quarles, owned 20 slaves, so Twain witnessed the practice of slavery firsthand whenever he spent summers at his uncles place. Growing up in Hannibal, Missouri,  Twain witnessed a slave owner brutally murder  a slave for merely doing something awkward. The owner had thrown a rock at the slave with such force that it killed him. Evolution of Twains Views on Slavery It is possible to trace the evolution of Twains thoughts on slavery in his writing, ranging from a pre-Civil War letter that reads somewhat racist to postwar utterances that reveal his clear opposition to slavery and his revulsion of slaveholders. His more telling statements on the subject are listed here in chronological order:   In a letter written in 1853, Twain wrote: I reckon I had better black my face, for in these Eastern states, n----rs are considerably better than white people. Nearly two decades later, Twain  wrote to his good friend, novelist, literary critic, and playwright  William Dean Howells  about Roughing It  (1872):  I am as uplifted and reassured by it as a mother who has given birth to a white baby when she was awfully afraid it was going to be a mulatto. Twain laid bare his opinion of slavery in his classic  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,  published in 1884.  Huckleberry, a runaway boy, and Jim, a runaway slave, sailed down the Mississippi together on a flimsy raft. Both had escaped abuse: the boy at the hands of his family, Jim from his owners. As they travel,  Jim,  a caring and loyal friend, becomes a father figure to Huck, opening the boys eyes to the human face of slavery. Southern society at the time considered  helping a runaway slave like Jim, who was thought to be inviolable property, the worst crime you could commit short of murder. But Huck sympathized so profoundly with Jim that the boy freed him. In Twains Notebook #35, the writer explains:   It seemed natural enough to me then; natural enough that Huck his father the worthless loafer should feel it approve it, though it seems now absurd. It shows that that strange thing, the conscience—the unerring monitor—can be trained to approve any wild thing you want it to approve if you begin its education early and stick to it. Twain  wrote in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court (1889): The blunting effects of slavery upon the slaveholders moral perceptions are known and conceded the world over; and a privileged class, an aristocracy, is but a band of slaveholders under another name. In  his essay The Lowest Animal  (1896), Twain wrote: Man is the only Slave. And he is the only animal who enslaves. He has always been a slave in one form or another  and has always held other slaves in bondage under him in one way or another. In our day, he is always some mans slave for wages and does that mans work, and this slave has other slaves under him for minor wages, and they do his work. The higher animals are the only ones who exclusively do their own work and provide their own living. Then in 1904, Twain wrote in his notebook: The skin of every human being contains a slave. Twain said In his autobiography, finished in 1910 just four months before his death and published in three volumes, beginning at his behest  in 2010: The class lines were quite clearly drawn and the familiar social life of each class was restricted to that class. For most of Twains life, he railed against slavery in letters, essays, and novels as an evil manifestation of mans inhumanity to man. He eventually became a crusader against the thinking that sought to justify it.

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

African Slavery Essay - 1695 Words

Ladies and gentlemen; I dont believe that anyone in this chamber would move to disagree with the idea that slavery was an atrocity, committed from the depths of the darkest parts of the human sole. Africans were seized from their native land, and sold into lives of servitude into a foreign land. Indeed, it was a tragedy on such a scale that cannot be measured nor quantified. And it is this very notion of unquantifiable tragedy which speaks to the matter of reparations for slavery. To be quite blunt, reparations, even if they may be deserved, are not feasible under any system or economic tangent - indeed such an undertaking would only not remedy the situation, but it would sink Africa and her people deeper into the cycle of†¦show more content†¦A cognate situation with African Americans is with that of Afrocentric history (Asante, 174); many suggest that perhaps we ought to provide black student with their own curriculum, such as to instill in them a sense of pride that will improve their education. The U.S. News and World Report comments: quot;The Afrocentric curriculum is usually presented as an attempt to develop pride in black children by giving them a racial history†¦ But what kind of pride and self-esteem is likely to grow from false history? And how much more cynical will black children be if they discover that they have been conned once again, only this time by Afrocentrists? †¦ It is a sure-fire formula for separatism and endless racial animosity (Leo, 26)quot; This author suggests that indeed, conferring upon youths of African descent their own quot;differentquot; history will not only further the racial segregation, but also provide them with a false sense of history, fueling the animosity. If the rest of the world were to suddenly step down and bestow upon Africa special privileges and grants, it would only create a sense among the global village that Africans are different and require some sort of special assistance in order to succeed. This type of compensatory system would not only be insufficient toShow MoreRelatedThe Slavery Of African Slavery1128 Words   |  5 PagesSlavery is one of the most inhumane acts the world has ever known. Africans were kidnapped and forced into slavery by Europeans; they were separated from their families and forced to work on plantations. They were placed in unbearable conditions and the prevalent racism attached onto this system fueled the mistreatment and oppression of black people for years to come. The origins of the widespread African slavery in America as we know today started in early colonial America when people needed cheapRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Slavery1129 Words   |  5 PagesIn America, people know that slavery existed for about four- hundred years. The enslavement of Africans was probably the most horrific events in American history. Within these 400 years not only were people taken ag ainst their will and put to work for no pay. This time can even be considered a Holocaust in America. Many slaves were beaten, raped and killed because of it, several lives were sacrificed throughout this disgusting era in American history. Slavery was definitely the roughest time periodRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Contingents874 Words   |  4 Pagesperpetuating slavery before the Civil War.†(William Reed) This argument has been demonstrated: a compensation should be provided to the descendants of enslaved people in America, because their ancestors had performed the tedious labor over past few hundred years ago. However, it is clearly that the idea remains highly controversial. Looking at the historical evidence that have been presented, now we can analysis the historical events that were actually contributed to the slavery of African contingentsRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Slaves1283 Words   |  6 PagesThe origin of slavery was not caused because of racism. As ric e cultivation expanded in the South, movement of white indentured servants was declining due to the harsh conditions. Moreover, white landowners began to feel unsure about their dependence on white workers because of the scarcity of labor in the South. The importation of African slaves was a response to a growing demand for labor. Thus, slavery was the desire for white landowners to find a useful, stable workforce. Racism was created toRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Slaves1906 Words   |  8 PagesThe inequities presented through the oppression of African slaves from 16th to 19th century Britain due to increased forms of slavery, highlight extremities relative to their mistreatment and the consequent need for betterment through the abolition movement. Increasing tension between racial populations as a result of the promotion of slave trade, increased through their mistreatment, evoked opposing movements from pro-abolitionists. Similarly, significant events and figures contributed greatly toRead MoreThe Complexity Of African Slavery2267 Words   |  10 PagesThe complexity of African slavery has impacted Mexico in ways one may not have imagined. Thousands of Africans were brought to Mexico to become slaves and do manual labor. On average, a slave would cost anywhere between 150 to 400 pesos, and studies show that owning a slave was considered a luxury. Slavery in Mexico had an enormous impact in the social aspect during the colonial period to a large extent. The labor jobs that Africans worked, helped Mexico become the lead in the commercial trade ofRead MoreSlavery : The African American Slavery2189 Words   |  9 PagesAPUSH - Steiker Period 6 Slavery 1775 - 1830 â€Å"Those who will not reason, are bigots, those who cannot, are fools, and those who dare not, are slaves, † said George Gordon Byron. Though slavery has never had a universal definition, one might describe it as the dependent labour by one person performed to another who is not of his or her family. It was thought to have come about after a dramatic labour shortage in particular areas or countries. In America, slavery has always been a highly debatedRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Americans1207 Words   |  5 PagesThere is no denying that the period of time where slavery was legal in America was a dark time that all wish was expunged from the nation’s history. Ever since the end of WWII came around and Japanese and victims of the Holocaust started to receive reparations for the ordeals then endeavored. This launched a proposal that the descendants of the enslaved people in the United States would be given some type of compensation. The form of compensation varies from individual monetary payments to land-basedRead MoreThe Slavery Of African Slave Trade1039 Words   |  5 Pagescaught up in the moment it is hard to see the larger picture. We get excited and momentum starts to speed up, but this excitement and momentum blinds us from the feelings of others. This is exactly what happened with the practiced slavery that took place in Africa. Slavery included stripping humans of their identities and classifying them as property, forcing them to obey their masters. The slaves had no rights and humanity had fled their thinking. Some even claimed slaves to be aliens even thoughRead MoreSlavery And The African Americans1071 Words   |  5 Pagesdiscussing slavery with other individuals. Throughout the years I have been a victim of my own ignorance for believing that Slavery undoubtedly ended in 1865. I can honestly admit that I was wrong. After having watched the documentary â€Å"Slavery by Another Name† I gained new insight into the history of slavery and the struggles that African Americans suffered during that time. I learned that slavery did not end after the 13th Amendment was passed. After the Amendment was passed African Americans were

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Ethics And Social Responsibility Better Business Bureau

Question : Student to do following case study from the prescribed textbook and the end of the case study: " Better Business Bureau: Protecting Consumers Dealing with Organizational Ethics Challenges" Answer : Introduction The consumers are essentially required to be protected from all types of deceiving matters. There is a BBB which would support the requirements of the partnership which will be a non-profitable yet helpful organisation in the sense that there will be necessary sponsorship which would be necessary to truly seek the fees of accreditation. The websites, newspapers and the other social (Cheng et al., 2014) media are said to bring a harm to the standards of BBB (Better Business Bureau). The work of them is to inform all the customers about the liable services they are related to with a range to travel smart along with better strategic shopping and improvement in their daily living. To alert the individuals about the different scams of the people, there is BBB which (Carroll Buchholtz, 2014) is always ready to support people under the self-regulation case, bringing a change responsible for better organisation and advertisement in the practices of commercial products. Summary The organisations have brought an increasing social and ethical responsibility on CSR to detect cases which are again the main approach and views. The people mainly try to integrate and analyse the content of BBB (Better Business Bureau), which is considered to be one of the best association related to the trading matters. The strategic approach and analysis of BBB is to generally conduct (Dobele et al., 2014) its CSR, inferring that it has been involved in many projects along with programs with the ethical sources which have a great concern with the environment. The organisations and the other social media websites which will help in receiving the information from the major organisation sources established under National Advertising Review Council (NARC) has been in an integration (Spence, 2014) which will help the consumers to be benefits with the most trustable members in the market place. In order to reach to an expanded phase, the BBB has framed to emphasise mainly on maintain i ts relationship with proper (Dillon et al., 2014) commitment in their work. The people are required to follow an ethnic approach which will lead to effective communication. The implicit approach of NAD is to claim most of the people who could try to take responsibility of the federal trade communion. (Hollingworth Valentine, 2014) Description The exaggeration to decide whether there is a false advertisement or whether it is supported with the new outlook, there is a system namely, Pay-for-Play which is able to balance the rating higher or lower to the (Wesley MacCallum, 2014) accredited business accounts. There is a rating depending upon the work and how efficiently the requirements are being fulfilled. These ethical challenges are important to keep a rise to the prestige of any trading brand and oneself. To meet the challenges, there is a need to meet up all the chapters of business which will have a resolution to manage all the controversies and which will have an award to defend all the allegations claiming to upgrade to the misconduct where some instances will have a misconduct on the branches which will have counts depending upon the grades and the complaints. (Mackenzie Peters, 2014). Ques1. Which is the most important National Advertising Divisions more important, Stakeholder, business and consumers? Ans. The most important division according to BBB (Better Business Bureaus) is mainly to keep the stakeholder groups into consideration when there are challenges to be met under certain consumers. There is a (Ben et al., 2014) recommendation as per the forces which refer to advertise the business according to their comfort in the technology. The accuracy which is met is advertised as per the guidance which could lead to an approval of certain claims. The Advertising can be confusing to some consumers hence, people should be given a clear idea of the activities and the challenges that the company has to meet. With the NAD in existence, one can say that they have helped the consumers in providing and solving their woes leading to a development and protection. (Montiel Delgado-Ceballos, 2014). Ques2. Do you believe that BBB can be truly impartial given its financial dependence on business? Ans. With the certainty to lead a longer association in BBB, one has to build in interest to lead for a better consumer combination. The forums and the reviews have claims that the organisations which are attached with BBB could not manage with the consumers rather there was a question of trust on the information which was provided by them. (Masons Simmons, 2014). The business system which is credit is according to the factors which include all the necessary facts and complaints leading to a good effort which would solve all the complaints leading to a revised scheduling. (Wong Millington, 2014). There are specific grips to ship the orders as the importance of the consumers mainly depends on the regulation of the associations which go beyond the reports of the association. The council has been built which is ready to be non-profitable yet seeking better and high raising funds in order to manage all the services to lead to outsourcing of the product with success in the operational o bjectives. Ques3. What actions would you take to ensure ethical misconducts disaster such as the pay-for-play scheme does not happen again? Ans. To manage the organisation, there is a need to lead a subsequent step towards pointing an anomaly which would lead to misconduct and review the process. There should be serious steps taken against it and it is important for the BBB to try to exert more pressure to highlight the problem so that the problem does not affect or create another problem in the business scheduling. The points which are additional and lead to credibility of the maintenance of the reputation are that the organisations should identify the people who are acting like this and eliminate them so that such mishappenings does (Wu et al., 2014) not affect the conduct or image of a person. The case should be properly dealt managed and the rating of the franchise will surely affect the customers who will try to fix in the damage which has brought in such consequences. The complaints of the misconducts are mainly in the Los Angeles which needs to be resolved by grading the way the news are being incurred. The subseq uent rise reveals a great stage where the (Wong Millington, 2014) BBB would receive less of complaints and more of accomplishments in their task and conduct. Conclusion The concern of the salary can be non-profitable depending upon the commission rates and the business which is friendly depending upon how much fees is charged and how the customers lack the disclosure which (Ferrell Fraedrich, 2014) will have profitable impact. As per the review, BBB has been helpful to many selling websites like eBay, which is able to publish their own books for their sustenance in the work and performance. With the management of integrity and credibility, the people can easily be able to come over from the impact of ethical CSR, thereby, trying to result in a better business (Muniapan Raj, 2014) ethics, resulting in a more trustable rating system. There are certain impact which can be harmful due to the loss in integrity and the credibility which will be paid according to how the consumers are being lead. The rating of the same is given by BBB who would help the people to outshine and come out of all the faulty people strategic world. Reference Carroll, A., Buchholtz, A. (2014).Business and society: Ethics, sustainability, and stakeholder management. Cengage Learning. Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich, J. (2014).Business ethics: Ethical decision making cases. Cengage Learning. Cheng, B., Ioannou, I., Serafeim, G. (2014). Corporate social responsibility and access to finance.Strategic Management Journal,35(1), 1-23. Dobele, A. R., Westberg, K., Steel, M., Flowers, K. (2014). An examination of corporate social responsibility implementation and stakeholder engagement: A case study in the Australian mining industry.Business Strategy and the Environment,23(3), 145-159. Dillon, P. J., Back, R. M., Manz, C. C. (2014). Authentic Corporate Social Responsibility Based on Authentic Empowerment: An Exemplary Business Leadership Case.The Journal of Values-Based Leadership,7(1), 7. Muniapan, B., Raj, S. J. (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility Communication from the Vedantic, Dharmic and Karmic Perspectives.Critical Studies on Corporate Responsibility, Governance and Sustainability,6, 337-354. Wesley, A., MacCallum, D. (2014). The Political Economy of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Resource Sector in Western Australia. A Case Study of the Proposed James Price Point LNG Precinct. InResource Curse or Cure?(pp. 59-73). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Mason, C., Simmons, J. (2014). Embedding Corporate Social Responsibility in Corporate Governance: A Stakeholder Systems Approach.Journal of Business Ethics,119(1), 77-86. Hollingworth, D., Valentine, S. (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility, Continuous Process Improvement Orientation, Organizational Commitment and turnover intentions.International Journal of Quality Reliability Management,31(6), 2-2. Mackenzie, M., Peters, M. (2014). Hospitality Managers' Perception of Corporate Social Responsibility: An Explorative Study.Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research,19(3), 257-272. Spence, L. J. (2014). 20. Business ethics and social responsibility in small firms.Handbook of Research on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 374. Wong, R., Millington, A. (2014). Corporate social disclosures: A user perspective on assurance.Accounting, Auditing Accountability Journal,27(5), 5-5. Benn, S., Dunphy, D., Griffiths, A. (2014).Organizational change for corporate sustainability. Routledge. Montiel, I., Delgado-Ceballos, J. (2014). Defining and Measuring Corporate Sustainability Are We There Yet?.Organization Environment, 1086026614526413. Wu, L. Z., Kwan, H. K., Yim, F. H. K., Chiu, R. K., He, X. (2014). CEO Ethical Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Moderated Mediation Model.Journal of Business Ethics, 1-13.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Life Goals Essays - Computer Literacy, Digital Divide, Literacy

Life Goals My future long-term career goal is to become a part of the governments defense counsel, either by becoming a legal secretary or an attorney. I would need to attend college, pass the bar exam and become board certified in order to become an attorney. In reference to becoming a legal secretary I believe I've developed those skills through several years of hard work, and I feel I've gained enough experience to pursue this field. I believe I will be successful in becoming an attorney. I am determined to finish high school with the academic excellence required to obtain a good professional direction in the law field. I have several years of expierence in Law, Speech, Acting, and Debate. These qualities will help me to pursue questioning, and feel comfortable in the courtroom. It was difficult to find information on my career goal. I found several job opportunities, but I could not find information on the academic requirements needed to attend a 4 star law school on the internet. I had to research my information through word of mouth, and the results I received from the "job search" worksheet we did gave me a lot of needed information. My current job skills relate to my future career goals in several ways. My knowledge of computers are very useful in todays society. I am experienced in several aspects of the computer. I am literate of several computer programs such as Peachtree Accounting, Microsoft Word and Works, and Power point among several others. I have several years of experience with the internet. I took 4 years of computer classes, and I've built my own web-site. Furthermore, I consider myself very computer literate, and in todays career fields literacy is required, and a fast typing speed is encouraged. Communication and social skills are very important when dealing with customers. The happiness and satisfaction of the customer is what companies thrive their business on in order to profit, and keep up with supply and demand. Maintaining a professional attitude is very I, important when dealing with clients. Whether the client is happy or night, the needs of the customer are the most important. In High School I took several communications classes. My favorite was Law class. We had Mock-Trials, which was role playing for the students in order to get the feel of a real courtroom. I received an A in Law Class. I took Speech, Acting, Children's Theatre, Drama. I worked for a large insurance company that dealt with insurance claims, and I was surrounded by lawyers. I learned the basics of handling insurance claims, but I'd still like to be on the defense counsel. Job Comparisons "Large Downtown Firm" My current job skills relate to my future career goals in several ways. My knowledge of computers are very useful in todays society. I am experienced in several aspects of the computer.