Monday, May 25, 2020
If you were told that en is a Spanish preposition and were asked what it means, you most likely would guess in or on. And youd be right in both cases. But en can also be translated as at, about, by, on top of, upon, inside of, and other ways, so its use isnt as straightforward as it may appear. The Spanish Preposition "en" The Spanish preposition en frequently means in or on when referring to physical locations.En can also be used to mean in in certain time expressions.En is so used in phrases and following certain verbs with translations that arent always predictable. These idioms and verb phrases must be learned individually. Fortunately, when en doesnt mean on or in, you can usually tell by the context what is meant. Like some other prepositions, en can seem quite versatile to the foreigner. Here are the most common uses: Using En for Locations and Meaning 'In' When it is used in describing locations, en can mean in or inside of. As in the third and fourth examples here, en can also be used this way figuratively. El dinero estÃ ¡ en la caja. (The money is in the box.)Vivo en EspaÃ ±a. (I live in Spain.)La crisis sÃ ³lo estÃ ¡ en la mente de las personas. (The crisis is only in the minds of people.)Hay cien cantavos en un dÃ ³lar. (There are 100 cents in a dollar.) Using En in Time Expressions En can be used in time expressions much as it is in English with periods of time other than days of the week. Llegamos por tren en una hora. (We arrive by train in one hour.)TrabajarÃ © en el verano. (I will work in the summer.)Esperan aprobar la ley en dos semanas. (They hope to pass the law in two weeks.) With days of the week, a preposition isnt needed: Llegamos el lunes. (We arrive on Tuesday.) Using En for Locations and Meaning 'On' En is frequently used to meet on in the sense of meaning on top of or placed on. El dinero estÃ ¡ en la mesa. (The money is on the table.)FijÃ ³ los carteles en la pared. (He put the posters on the wall. Note that the preposition a also could have been used here: FijÃ ³ los carteles a la pared.)Las manchas en la cara pueden aparecer por diversos motivos. (Blemishes on the face can appear for various reasons.) Using En in Expressing Values Although not particularly common, en is sometimes used instead of por when referring to costs or similar values: VendiÃ ³ el carro en $2.000. (He sold the car for $2,000.)ComprÃ ³ el mÃ ³vil en un buen precio. (She bought the cellphone for a good price.)Tenemos el cojÃ n ideal para ti en sÃ ³lo $349.00 pesos. (We have the ideal cushion for you for only 349 pesos.) En in Miscellaneous Expressions Numerous phrases or idioms use en. Most of these need to be learned as phrases rather than simply translating word for word: en broma, as a jokeen busca de, in search ofen cambio, on the other handen casa, at homeen espaÃ ±ol, in Spanishen honor de, in honor ofen la actualidad, presentlyen la radio, on (the) radio; en la televisiÃ ³n, on (the) televisionen lugar de, instead of, in place ofen secreto, in secreten seguida, immediatelyen serio, seriouslyen todas partes, everywhereen vez de, instead ofen vilo, anxiously awaitingen vista de, in view ofen vivo, live (as in live TV)en voz alta, in a loud voice; en voz baja, in a soft voice. Using En With Certain Verbs When used with many verbs, en is translated as in or on: ayudar en algo, to help in doing somethingcompeter en, to compete inconcentrarse en, to concentrate onconcurrir en, to concur inconfiar en, to trust in; creer en, to believe in; esperar en, to trust inempeÃ ±arse en, to persist in;insistir en, to insist onintervenir en, to participate inpersistir en, to persist inreflejar en, to reflect onresultar en, to result in. But it can have other translations as well: actuar en consecuencia, to act accordinglyadentrarse en, to get intoadvertir en, to noticeaplicarse en, to devote oneself tocaerle en suerte, to get luckycoincidir en que, to agree thatcomprometerse en, to get involved withconcurrir en, to meet atconsentir en, to agree toconsistir en, to be composed ofconvenir en, to agree toconvertir(se) en, to change intoequivocarse en, to be mistaken aboutextenderse en, to spread overfijarse en, to noticeingresar en, to be admitted toinscribirse en, to register forjuntarse en, to meet atmolestarse en, to bother bypensar en, to think aboutquedar en que, to agree thatreparar en, to noticevacilar en, to hesitate to.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
In the modern era, people of the United States of America have increasingly become more tolerant and accepting of differences in race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion. However, the new liberal mindset of people regarding characteristics such as race and sexual orientation would not be possible without the relentless protesters and dedicated activists who fought hard to make their views heard through a movement that would greatly impact and shape the future of this country. The gay rights movement which started in the late 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s aimed at achieving human rights for homosexuals; the phenomenal empowering poems and widely acclaimed literary works of Audre Lorde significantly promoted gay rights and provided a unique point of view of the life of a homosexual. Furthermore, the gay rights movement Ã¢â¬Å"is the effort to eliminate prejudice and discrimination against homosexual women and menÃ¢â¬ (Stoddard). Organizations advocating for the rights of homosexuals thrived in Germany and England from 1860s through the 1920s. However, similar organizations did not start appearing in the United States until 1950. On June 28, 1969, police raided the Stonewall Inn, a popular gay bar, which then became the turning point of the gay rights movement in the United States. The raids were quite often at the Inn, and usually after the raids, members of the club would be arrested; however, the Inn would reopen after a few hours. During the June raid most of the patrons of Stonewall resistedShow MoreRelatedThe Gay Rights Movement, And The Black Lives Matter Movement Essay1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesspotlight with social movements. Three key social movements including the Gay Rights Movement, the Occupy Wall Street movement, and the Black Lives Matter movem ent, has worked to confront and challenge forms of oppression and has created change as a result. 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By 1915, one gay person said that the gay world was a community, distinctly organized (Milestones 1991), but kept mostly out of view because of socialRead MoreThe 1950s and 1960s: A Time of Great Changes Shaping the America We Have Today1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespopular), not many people think about the changes society and culture went through. The 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s and 60Ã¢â¬â¢s were a time of great change and freedom for many Americans. Everything from World War II, to the gay liberation movement, to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 helped to change society. Many of the views AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s had on topics such as war, gender roles and sexual preference were changed greatly after these events and have led to our culture being what it is today. The 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s were a timeRead MoreAnalysis Of Sara T. Smiths Speech1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSara T. Smith. Sara T. Smith was an abolitionist during the slavery period. We could assume that she was from the north and that she wanted everyone to have equal rights because everyone is equal the color of their skin doesnt change that Sara T. Smith spoke because she wanted to talk about the anti-slavery movement, and also the rights of women to speak upon the subject. The speech was given on May 17th, 1838 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The occasion impacts the message because it gives her muchRead MoreLgbt Community s Endeavor For Equality998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction From the early Homophile Movement to the modern day Human Rights Campaign, the LGBT communityÃ¢â¬â¢s endeavor for equality was granted a long-time goal on June 26, 2015 when the Supreme Court ruled same-sex marriage a nationwide right. As LGBT movements have gained popularity in the fight for equal rights, LGBT culture has struggled to find a place in mainstream media. Within the community itself, there is an underrepresentation of LGBT individuals. In particular, transgender individualsRead MoreEssay on The Queering of The Media1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshate that arises from ignorance . The idea of accurate representations in the media, thus, is vital for any minority group, impacting on how the group is perceived and accepted by society. In this essay I will follow how the shifting portrayals of Gay, Lesbian and Queer (GLQ) people are paralleled by changes in society, demonstrating clearly the significance of visibility to minority groups. I will, further, show that while visi bility has increased drastically from the beginning of the 20th centuryRead MoreSocial, Political, And Economic Institutions During The Civil Rights Movement1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescivil rights movement. In America, the civil rights movement has become one of the most well-known social movements in the world today. African Americans strived for full civil rights and better equality, and refused to quit fighting until their wishes were granted. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Review of: Ã¢â¬Å"The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral TherapyÃ¢â¬ Summary In TanÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Ã¢â¬Å"The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral TherapyÃ¢â¬ published by the Journal of Psychology and Theology in 2007, he discusses integrating prayer and scripture with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Tan uses examples of integration from real-life counseling sessions that he has been involved in, as a counselor. TanÃ¢â¬â¢s article first discusses the usefulness of CBT and other behavioral techniques in counseling (Tan, 2007). Tan discusses very early in his article that CBT is as effective as antidepressant medications and is more effective that cognitive therapy alone according to a recent placebo study (Tan, 2007). Tan statesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Tan describes the seven steps used for healing prayer. The steps for healing prayer begin with a prayer for protections from evil, guided relaxation, and peaceful visualization. This is followed by painful visualization, prayer, patiently waiting for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s intervention, and communion with God. At the end of the healing prayer, there is a closing prayer and then a debriefing. The use of scripture in the session can be useful in correcting misconceptions that clients may have about GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will for them. Utilizing the scripture can better inform clients according to Tan (Tan, 2007). Scripture can also inform clients about areas of their life that need adjusting or are sinful. It can also help clients to adjust their thought processes and improve character (Tan, 2007). Tan goes on to state that utilizing these aspects of Christian CBT properly is beneficial for clients who have given informed consent. It is also beneficial for the counselor to become immersed in the discipline because it helps in the development of his or her own character as well (Tan, 2007). Reflection I was actually a little upset when the article ended because I had hoped that Tan would have been able to provide examples from more than one client. I was happy that Tan discussed the story of Jane who had, had such a profound spiritual experience. Tan states in the article that not everyone has an experience like that but everyone takes away some sense ofShow MoreRelatedUse of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Essay638 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesReview of Journal Article Ã¢â¬Å"Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavior TherapyÃ¢â¬ Review of Journal Article Ã¢â¬Å"Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavior TherapyÃ¢â¬ Summary This article talks about Cognitive-Behavior therapy and using prayer and scripture appropriately, how to approach using biblical/ Christian values in therapy. The journal also talks about an historical overview of behavioral therapy, throughout the years. The commentary discusses the two component of mindfulnessRead MoreUse of Prayer and Scripture in Coginitiv- Behavioral Therapy1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUse of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Integration of Psychology and Theology Tamala Rivers February 16, 2012 Summary This article focuses on the use of prayer and scripture in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). First you must focus on the biblical approach which you acknowledge Gods love and deal with past hurts in a proper manner. You also must focus on Gods Holy Spirit and his scriptures. As the therapist you should not be in self, you have to focus on your clientRead MoreReview of Interventions That Apply Scripture in Psychotherapy1048 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesReview of Interventions That Apply Scripture in Psychotherapy Summary Garzon (2005) seeks to describe ways in which a therapist may use Scripture within psychotherapy interventions and to increase the awareness of therapists in these techniques. He bases this description by utilizing a case study by the name of George. Garzon contemplates issues surrounding scripture interventions. The article proceeds to relate interventions that use implicit scripture, psycho educational, theo educationalRead MoreThe Cognitive Behavior ( Cbt ) Method2182 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Cognitive Behavior (CBT) method is suitable for case study Andrea Conceptualization and Treatment Plan 2; I find this technique to be most applicable to the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s case. The paper will discuss a summary of the case study to provide clarity as to why this particular process would result in aiding Andrea in focusing on what is going on in her life at this time. The focus of the paper is how CBT is beneficial to the client to bring change. It will convey how this method of treatment will be assistingRead MorePsychology, Theology And Spirituality1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A 4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in the Christian Counseling Introduction Mark McMinn is a trained psychologist who is known for his book that was written in 1996 called Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling. McMinn had advocated for the Christians who are counselors for many years. McMinn is very experienced in the work and in his field of study. One of the biggest things that McMinn stresses is the importance of establishing and maintaining a goodRead MoreEvaluation Of A Psychiatric Treatment1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprovoked at school. Her psychotherapy sessions will consist of CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) techniques and DBT (dialectical behavior therapy). 4.) I would refer her to an adolescent peer group counseling so she could be around other teenagers who are in treatment for suicidal ideation and bullying issues. I believe she would feel supported by a group setting as peer groups have shown that clients use and reinforce the therapy techniques learned in individual counseling towards the group counselingRead MoreAnxiety Disorder3897 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesFletcher, Student, Liberty University. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Jeffrey S. Fletcher, Jfletcher1@liberty.edu Abstract This research paper is designed to review articles and books of professional journals in anxiety disorders, definition of anxiety disorder, review of current and past treatments of anxiety disorders, the new section and changes to anxiety disorder in the DSM-5, new treatments for anxiety disorders and medications for anxiety disorders. ThisRead MoreThe Effects Of Effectual Daily Prayer On Mental Health5652 Words Ã |Ã 23 PagesRunning Head: EFFECTS OF EFFECTUAL DAILY PRAYER 1 EFFECTS OF EFFECTUAL DAILY PRAYER 2 The Effects of Effectual Daily Prayer on Mental Health in Adults Diane T. Bethmann, RN, MSN Student Jennifer M. Wood, MSN, RN Chamberlain College of Nursing Author?s Note Diane T. Bethmann, MSN Student, Chamberlain College of Nursing Jennifer M. Wood, Department of Nursing Faculty, Chamberlain College of Nursing Read MoreSpirituality and Substance Abuse Recovery Essay2818 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesIntroduction According to the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment and the transtheoretical model of change, Ã¢â¬Å"for most people with substance abuse problems, recurrence of substance use is the rule not the exceptionÃ¢â¬ (Enhancing Motivation for Change, 1999, p. xvii). Relapse can and most likely will occur in recovery, and should be recognized as well as anticipated by substance abuse recovery counselors. The significant challenges to counselors are bringing a client successfully and securely throughRead MoreThe Biblical Perspectives of Crime4108 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesminutes, one rape every 5 minutes, one robbery every 49 seconds, and one burglary every 10 (Miller, 2006). Even more crimes go unreported and many are never solved. A Christian worldview of how people should treat each other would be influenced by scriptures such as John 13:34-35 in which Jesus Christ indicated that his true followers would be identified by their love for one another (Mills, 2011). However, the Bible also points to certain spiritual influences that prompt mankind to act unloving towards
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Cuban Embargo Essay, Research Paper The Cuban Embargo: Punishing the Children for the Sins of the Father The key to understanding the foreign policy of a state province is understanding that province? s national involvement. The key to successful foreign policy is, as Henry Kissinger stated in 1998, specifying? an accomplishable aim? . Therefore United States policy towards Cuba fails because it neglects these two key ingredients of foreign policy. The United states trade stoppage of Cuba is four decennaries old and no longer serves the state? s national involvement, instead it has proven to be a economic and political hinderance for the US. The trade stoppage besides falls short in footings of holding an accomplishable end, since many of the petitions that embargo statute law calls for are merely non within the ability of the Cuban province. By analyzing the countenances and their economic, political, and human-centered affect on both the Us and Cuba a strong instance can be made for a alteration of US policy. United states policy towards Cuba and the authorities of Fidel Castro has, since the 1960? s, been a policy based on the aims of taking Castro, establishing a democratic system, and deriving reparations for confiscated US retentions. The initial countenances were instituted because the US considered the close propinquity of a Communist province to be a national security menace, and besides because Castro? s government confiscated US retentions, and therefore US control, on the island. By ordaining a policy that one-sidedly cut Cuba off from economic and political contact with the US, the US felt that it could coerce Castro from power. In the decennaries since the trade stoppage? s construct statute law has been created to even further implement these constructs. In 1992 Congress passed the Cuban Democracy Act, which prohibited US subordinates abroad from holding concern dealingss with Cuba ( Ratliff and Fontaine 22 ) . This jurisprudence pushed Cuban net incomes even further from the appreciation of US concerns. Three old ages subsequently when the economic countenances of the Cuban Democracy Act had failed to throw out Castro from power, the US Congress one time once more increased the criterions Cuba most adhere to for the trade stoppage to be lifted. It accomplished this by go throughing the Helms-Burton Law. Three of the declared intents of the helms-Burton Law focal point on the democratisation of the Cuban authorities, two trade with protecting the US, and the last one is concerned with planetary countenances. The jurisprudence besides increases the sum of compensation Cuba most wage before the US will drop the countenances. The Helms-Burton jurisprudence, by take a firm standing that Cuba pay compensation to over 400,000 Cuban Americans, makes it literally impossible for the Cuban province to make the US? s footings. Embargo protagonists claim that countenances against Cuba must be maintained because Cuba is still a national security menace to the US, nevertheless current facts about security reveal this to merely be untrue. Initially, Castro? s socialist platform and confederation with the Soviet Union did so present a menace to American security. The ground for this is that the province of international political relations in that epoch was one of bipolarism between liberalism and communism. This meant that the US felt that its balance of power in its ain hemisphere was being threatened by the Soviet? s presence in Cuba. Besides the Soviet? s armament of Cuba posed a terrible menace to US security, as was seen during the Cuban missile crisis. However, with the autumn of the Soviet axis, Cuba ceased to be an issue of national security. Present twenty-four hours Cuba does non hold the economic ability or military ability to be a menace to the US. This decision was purportedly supported by a classified study issued by the Defense Intelligence Agency in 1998 ( Ratliff and Fontaine 31 ) . Many embargo protagonists disagree with this statement stating that Cuba is still a base for intelligence activities and that Castro could develop biological arms to utilize against the US. If these concerns are really warranted, so would non US security be better served by raising the trade stoppage so that the US intelligence community can break proctor these Cuban? menaces? ? The US trade stoppage proves to be uneffective in both democratising Cuba or taking Castro from power. US countenances against Cuba have been held for the last 40 old ages or so and Cuba is still really socialist society. Besides Castro? s power has non wavered in any important manner that would bespeak that the trade stoppage was working. US policy shapers feel that by enfeebling the Cuban economic system that it will be able to influence the Cuban people to lift up in rebellion against Castro. In many ways the trade stoppage has precisely the opposite consequence on reformists with in Cuba. By fastening countenances on the island the US is aching those people who would be the most likely to rebellion, the people of Cuba. Sanctions have made it necessary for the Cuban people to rely really to a great extent upon the authorities for basic demands like vesture and nutrient. Since there are no outside markets for Cubans to purchase from they most accept what the Castro authorities doles out. It would travel against a individual? s common sense to arise against the individual or people on whom he or she was wholly dependent. If Cubans need Castro they are really improbable to take the hazard of subverting him for fright of penalty. The countenances besides increase the unlikelih ood of rebellion because it has increased the category divisions. Class mobility is really hard in even the most booming economic systems and is really about impossible in a non-solvent economic system. Therefore those with power maintain that influence while those without power have no hope of deriving more influence than that which they were born into. Of those who have power the armed forces is most decidedly in this class. The Cuban armed forces, which is controlled by Castro, has a great trade of authorization and has made it clear that it will utilize all its force to quash manque reformists. Dependence on Castro? s authorities, a deficiency of economic independency, and fright of a strong loyal military brand reforms really rare and really unsafe for those who would establish them. Current United states policy towards Cuba does non function US economic involvements because it blocks off a really profitable market from US husbandmans and concerns and hinders consumers from acquiring the best possible monetary values. In 1999 the American Farm Bureau Federation stated that without US countenances agricultural trade with Cuba would amount to $ 500 billion ab initio. It besides estimated that this would rapidly turn to $ 2 billion in five old ages or less. An article written in May 2000 for CNN.com entitled US Farmers Lobby to Ease Cuba Sanctions states that Cuba imports $ 700 million dollars of nutrient a twelvemonth. For fighting US husbandmans this immense market would be vastly helpful in doing usage of their untapped and severely needed wheat and rice markets. Farming is non the lone concern enduring from the trade stoppage. A lifting of US countenances would besides assist US pharmaceutical companies. Currently Cuba has really small entree to medicate, particularly new medicines. Most late developed medical specialties are created by US companies. Cuba? s terrible deficiency of medical supplies would do it a really profitable country of export for the pharmaceutical companies. The trade stoppage besides effects the monetary value of some goods in the US. The goods noticeable effected are citrus and sugar, which are produced in copiousness in Cuba. Opening the United states market to merchandise with Cuba would make competition between Cuban manufacturers of these goods and US manufacturers which would finally lead to lower monetary values for consumers. Not merely would competition take down the monetary value of goods but cheaper importation costs would besides take down the monetary value since the US could import some goods from Cuba instead than from states that are farther off. An moderation of countenances on Cuba would assist better US concerns and therefore should be in the state? s national involvement. The US has frequently claimed ethical motives evidences for the trade stoppage, and yet US imposed countenances on Cuba are considered by the international community to immoral as they badly compromise the wellness and safety of Cubans. A 1997 study by the American Association for World Health concludes that the US trade stoppage has caused a important rise in suffering-and even deaths-in Cuba. It states that the trade stoppage has caused malnutrition among Cubans, hapless H2O quality, and a terrible lessening in the handiness of medicines and medical equipment. The US trade stoppage denies Cuba entree to interventions for diseases such as AIDS, chest malignant neoplastic disease, kid leukaemia, and cardiac unwellness. The US authorities has spent tremendous sums of clip and money on research to prevent these unwellnesss because of their atrocious impact on human life and yet the United states is wittingly leting the Cuban people to endure. The status of the Cuban medical pattern is in many ways that of a 3rd universe state, even though it is merely 90 stat mis from the seashore of a universe world power. It is obvious that the trade stoppage is non impacting its desired mark, Castro and his protagonists. Alternatively it is doing unneeded agony amongst the common people of Cuba. While it is clear that both the US and the Cuban people would greatly profit from a one-sided lifting of the trade stoppage, it is besides clear that due to Cuban-American buttonholing influence merely partial alterations can be made. Cuban-Americans are one of the most to a great extent politicized minority groups and stand for a big vote block in the state, but most particularly New Jersey and Florida. Cuban-American influence in Florida is really of import because of the province? s 25 electoral ballots. The anteroom can utilize these ballots to derive favour with any presidential aspirant. It is obvious that countenances on Cuba can non merely be lifted but instead must be peeled off one bed at a clip to be successful. A skining off of the first bed started in October 2000 when Congress passed statute law to let nutrient and medical specialties to be sold to Cuba. A canvass in the Miami Herald indicated that this measure had the support of over 60 % of the Cuban-American community. This step, nevertheless, is unequal because it still prohibits US funding of these gross revenues, public or private. That proviso makes the new statute law fundamentally null. The US authorities should to the full drop statute law against the sale of nutrient and medical specialty to Cuba. The US should in respects to these two points allow and endorse trade with Cuba as it does with other states. Such a policy, while apparently little, would profit American concerns and assist increase the wellness of the Cuban people and besides would receive plenty support to be passed through Congress.